Amazing facts about Narmada River


 The Narmada River, one of the major rivers of India, is known for its cultural, historical, and ecological significance. Here are some amazing and interesting facts about the Narmada River:

  • Longest Westward Flowing River: The Narmada is one of the very few major rivers in the Indian subcontinent that flows westward. It flows through the central part of India, draining into the Arabian Sea.
  • Third-Longest River in India: The Narmada is the third-longest river in India, after the Ganges and the Godavari. It stretches for about 1,312 kilometers (815 miles) from its source in Madhya Pradesh to its mouth in the Gulf of Khambhat.
  • Holy Narmada: The Narmada River is considered sacred in Hinduism, and it is often referred to as “Narmada Maiyya” or “Ma Rewa.” Pilgrims from various parts of India undertake parikrama (circumambulation) of the river, considering it spiritually purifying.
  • Amarkantak: The Narmada originates from Amarkantak, a town in the Maikal Range of Madhya Pradesh. Amarkantak is also a significant pilgrimage site where three rivers—the Narmada, the Son, and the Johila—originate.
  • Marble Rocks of Bhedaghat: The Marble Rocks of Bhedaghat, near Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh, are a popular tourist attraction along the Narmada. The marble cliffs rise dramatically on both sides of the river, creating a stunning natural spectacle.
  • Dhuandhar Falls: Dhuandhar Falls, located near Jabalpur, is a majestic waterfall on the Narmada River. The name “Dhuandhar” translates to “smoke cascade,” referring to the mist created by the powerful flow of water.
  • Maheshwar Ghat: Maheshwar, situated on the banks of the Narmada, is known for its scenic ghats (steps leading down to the river) and the Maheshwar Fort. The Ahilya Ghat is a popular spot for rituals and ceremonies.
  • Sardar Sarovar Dam: The Sardar Sarovar Dam, one of the largest dams on the Narmada River, is a multipurpose project aimed at providing water for irrigation, hydroelectric power, and drinking water supply. It is a significant engineering feat.
  • Narmada Bachao Andolan: The Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA) is a social movement that emerged to protest against large dams on the Narmada River, including the Sardar Sarovar Dam. Activists advocate for the rights of displaced people and sustainable development.
  • Island of Mandhata: The Narmada River is associated with the legend of King Mandhata. According to Hindu mythology, an island in the Narmada is named Mandhata after the king, who is said to have ruled the area.
  • Bargi Dam: The Bargi Dam, built on the Narmada River near Jabalpur, is another significant dam that serves various purposes, including irrigation and electricity generation.
  • Narmada River Festival: The Narmada Mahotsav is a cultural festival celebrated along the Narmada River, showcasing the rich heritage, art, and traditions of the region. It attracts artists, performers, and spectators from different parts of India.
  • Flora and Fauna: The Narmada River basin supports a diverse range of flora and fauna. The region is home to various species of plants, birds, and aquatic life, contributing to its ecological significance.
  • Bharuch: The Narmada estuary near Bharuch in Gujarat is known for its tidal bore phenomenon, locally called the “Giant Wave.” This natural occurrence attracts visitors and researchers interested in studying the dynamics of tidal bores.


The Narmada River, with its cultural importance, natural beauty, and diverse ecosystems, plays a vital role in the life of the regions it traverses. It is a source of inspiration, reverence, and sustenance for millions of people.

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