Kartar Singh Sarabha

 Kartar Singh Sarabha(1896–1915)


Kartar Singh Sarabha was born on May 24, 1896, in the village of Sarabha, located in the district of Ludhiana in Punjab, India. Growing up in the heart of rural Punjab, Sarabha experienced firsthand the socio-economic challenges faced by the people under British colonial rule. His formative years in this agrarian setting laid the foundation for his later revolutionary zeal.

Sarabha hailed from a family with a legacy of social consciousness and a spirit of resistance against oppression. His parents, Sardar Mangal Singh and Viro, instilled in him values of justice, equality, and patriotism. Additionally, the tales of bravery and sacrifice from his ancestors further fueled his sense of duty towards his homeland. The prevalent atmosphere of discontent and the stories of freedom fighters circulating in Punjab deeply influenced Sarabha’s ideological outlook, shaping his determination to fight against colonial oppression.

Despite the limited educational opportunities in rural Punjab, Sarabha’s thirst for knowledge led him to pursue education vigorously. He attended local schools in his village, where he excelled academically. His intellectual curiosity exposed him to the ideas of nationalism, socialism, and revolution through literature and discussions with like-minded individuals. Moreover, the Swadeshi movement and the activities of prominent nationalist leaders such as Lala Lajpat Rai and Bal Gangadhar Tilak left a profound impact on Sarabha, igniting in him a fervent desire to contribute to the struggle for India’s freedom.

Revolutionary Awakening


The Ghadar Movement emerged as a catalyst for Kartar Singh Sarabha’s revolutionary fervor. The movement, founded by Indian expatriates in the United States in 1913, aimed at overthrowing British colonial rule in India. Sarabha, deeply moved by the injustices faced by his fellow countrymen and inspired by the ideals of the Ghadar Party, found a platform to channel his revolutionary energy. The Ghadar Movement provided Sarabha with a sense of purpose and belonging, igniting in him a burning desire to actively participate in the struggle for India’s independence.

Kartar Singh Sarabha quickly aligned himself with the Ghadar Party upon learning about its objectives and principles. The party sought to mobilize Indian expatriates and revolutionaries across the globe to organize armed uprisings against British colonial rule in India. Sarabha saw in the Ghadar Party a vehicle for realizing his aspirations of liberating his homeland from foreign domination. He wholeheartedly embraced the party’s goals of achieving Swaraj (self-rule) through armed revolution and dedicated himself to the cause with unwavering determination.

Involvement in the Ghadar Movement


Kartar Singh Sarabha made significant contributions to Ghadar’s publications and propaganda efforts, using the power of print to disseminate revolutionary ideas and inspire action. He actively wrote articles, poems, and essays for Ghadar’s newspaper, “The Ghadar”, which served as a vital tool for spreading anti-colonial sentiments and mobilizing support for the cause of Indian independence. Sarabha’s writings were marked by their fiery rhetoric, calling upon Indians to rise up against their oppressors and join the struggle for freedom.

Sarabha’s involvement in the Ghadar Movement extended beyond mere rhetoric; he actively participated in revolutionary activities and networks across continents. He helped establish clandestine networks of revolutionaries, facilitating the smuggling of arms and literature into India to support insurgent activities. Sarabha also liaised with like-minded individuals and organizations in Europe and Asia, forging international alliances in pursuit of the common goal of overthrowing British rule.

Arrest, Trial, and Martyrdom

Kartar Singh Sarabha’s active involvement in revolutionary activities eventually led to his arrest by British authorities. In September 1914, Sarabha was apprehended along with other prominent Ghadarites during a crackdown on the Ghadar Movement. British intelligence had been closely monitoring the activities of the Ghadar Party, and Sarabha’s arrest was part of their efforts to suppress the movement.

Following his arrest, Kartar Singh Sarabha faced a trial where he was charged with sedition and conspiracy against the British government. Despite the lack of concrete evidence, Sarabha and his comrades were subjected to a highly biased judicial process, with the colonial authorities intent on quashing dissent and rebellion.


Sarabha, undeterred by the prospect of imprisonment or even death, remained steadfast in his defiance of British rule. His trial became a symbol of resistance against colonial oppression, garnering widespread attention both within India and abroad. Despite the efforts of his defense counsel to secure his release, Sarabha was ultimately convicted and sentenced to death.

On November 16, 1915, Kartar Singh Sarabha, at the tender age of 19, was executed by the British authorities in Lahore Central Jail. His martyrdom sent shockwaves throughout India and served as a rallying cry for the burgeoning independence movement. Sarabha’s courage, resilience, and unwavering commitment to the cause of freedom epitomized the spirit of sacrifice that defined the revolutionary struggle against colonial rule.

In the years following his martyrdom, Kartar Singh Sarabha has been commemorated and honored by the Indian government and various organizations for his contributions to the nationalist movement. Statues, memorials, and institutions have been dedicated to preserving his memory and perpetuating his legacy, ensuring that his sacrifice is never forgotten.

The influence of Kartar Singh Sarabha extends far beyond his own lifetime, inspiring subsequent generations of revolutionaries and freedom fighters in their quest for justice and liberation. His spirit of selflessness, courage, and unwavering commitment to the cause of independence continues to serve as a source of inspiration for those who strive to uphold the values of freedom and democracy.

Thank you for your time and blessings 🙏❤️…

@Puja Singh….

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